Greater Armenia was destroyed by the Mongols in the 13th century.
They had devastated all of Persia as well. However, the Armenians managed to survive
as a people under what had become Ottoman Turkey. After the war with the Ottoman Empire,
Persia moved its capital to Isphahan, where Shah Abbas the Great took thousands of Armenians from Julfa,
who were the descendents of the people from Ani. He took care of establishing the Armenians in his newly founded
capital of Isphahan for their skills as artisans and merchants to stimulate trade throughout his territory.
The Armenians of Iran settled on the south bank of the Zayanderud River, calling the area New Julfa.
They established many thriving villages in two nearby districts: Feridan and Chahar Mahal. They built a cathedral
and churches, created convents and schools, amd added their skills to the great capital of Isphahan.
Costume of an urban woman of New Julfa (Isphahan)
16th - 17thc.